|Relationship||Family/ Pre-Marriage Name||First Name||Father’s Name||Mother’s Name||Occupation or Nickname||Place of birth/ Residence||Age or birth date||Place and date of death|
|Widower||Tanur||Eliyahu||Store for medical supplies and cosmetics||Shkud||60||Shkud|
|Bridegroom||Husband of Rosa||Doctor||Shkud||Shkud|
|Husband||Tanur||Hirsh Mayer||The daughters were killed with their families in Libau, Latvia.||Big general store||Shkud||65||Shkud, July 1941|
|Wife||Tanur||Klara||Housewife||Shkud||60||Alka Hill, August 1941|
|Son||Tanur||Yisroel Isiah||Hirsh Meyer||Klara||Shkud||30||Shkud|
According to Hana Shaf-Brener, Eliyahu, the widower of Masha, worked in a store for medical supplies and cosmetics. He had a married daughter, Rosa, and two younger daughters, Rela and Ira.
Hirsh Mayer Tanur, who worked in a large general store, was married to Klara. The couple had at least two daughters, who lived with their husbands in Libau, Latvia, and a son, Yisroel Isiah.
According to Jewish Gen’s All Lithuania Revision List Database 3, Abram Vulf Tener and his wife Keila were living in Shkud in 1816. But the ancestor of the Shkud Tanur family, Ovsey (Yehoshua) Tanur, son of Sholom, first appears in Jewish Gen’s Tax and Voters Lists for Skuodas in 1885. According to Tanur descendant Jane Hanser’s extensive research (see her website here; for convenience I’ve summarized the information below), Osvey and his wife Rokhl (nee Davidov) had six children:
- Sholom Rafael, b. 1867: married Chaya (daughter of Avram Kagan). Their daughter Tauba was born in 1908. Chaya survived the Holocaust in Libau (present-day Liepaja, Latvia). Edward Anders’s book, Jews in Liepaja, Latvia, 1941-45 (Anders Press, 2001), confirms that Sholom-Rafael Tanur (born 1866), Haja Tanur (1870), and Taube Tanur (1908) lived in Liepaja before 1941 (187). According to Anders, all were killed.
- Ida, b. 1869: married Shmuel David Mark. Lived in Libau. Emigrated with her family to the US in 1906.
- Yosef Ber, b. about 1874: married Chaya [Hanser gives her name as Yohanna] Valer. According to Jewish Gen’s Lithuania Tax and Voters List database, Iosif was a merchant in colonial goods (tea, coffee, spices, cotton, etc.) in Skuodas in 1914, after which the family, according to Hanser, moved to Kaunas. The Lithuania Marriages database records their son Girsh‘s marriage in 1932: Hirsh Tanur, born in Shkud in 1900 to Josef Ber and Chaya (nee Valer) Tanur, married Base Libe Smilg in Kaunas. See Hanser for more information on Yosef Ber’s family and their descendants.
- Sarah Leah, b. 1874(?)
- Hirsh Meyer, b. April 24, 1875: married Klara. According to JewishGen’s Tax and Voters Lists database, Hirsh Meyer was a trader in colonial goods in 1914. Hirsh and Klara had a son, Yisroel Isaiah; see photos below.
- Eliash (Ilia), b. Feb 10, 1878: Eliash, son of Ovsey, appears several times in JewishGen’s Lithuania Tax and Voters List database, where he is recorded as a chemist in 1914. He married Masha Rabinovits, and their children were Rosa, Aurelia, and Ira.
- Esther, b. 1884
For more information on the Tanurs of Lithuania and their descendants, see Hanser’s site.
According to Kehilat Shkud, Eliahu Tanur was a “prominent figure” (44), and one of the founders of the Jewish Folksbank: “Among the founders of the Yiddish Folksbank were Eliyahu Tanur hy”d, Michal Fogelman hy”d, Mendel Chatzkels z”l and Ephraim Bentzion Urdang hy”d” (Kehilat Shkud 12; see also 52).
The Tanur family is also recollected in Jews in the Memory of Skuodas People (see link on this page). Elijas Tanur is listed under the trades heading “Drugs, cosmetics and other chemicals trading” (19). His brother Hirsh Tanur had a shop in Gediminas Square (Jews in the Memory 1) and was also a wholesaler with a small truck for transporting goods (5). Jews in the Memory also tells us that The Tanur brothers (probably Hirsh Meyer and Yosef, who, according to Jewish Gen, were both in colonial goods) had a wholesale shop next to Zilberstein’s pharmacy (5). A more personal note is provided in the memoir of Boris Fogelman, who was deported with his family to Siberia and afterwards returned to Skuodas: “There was a Jewish elementary school behind the present hotel. I finished four grades there, and then I attended the gymnasium, because the Jewish secondary school was closed due to lack of funds. My classmate, Rale Tanuraite, who was shot later, came from a well-known and wealthy family of tradesmen” (Jews in the Memory 32). Could this Rale have been Rela, daughter of Eliyhu and Rosa? The “-aite” ending indicates an unmarried woman.
According to Kehilat Shkud, Yisroel Tanur was active in Shkud youth groups:
A farewell party for the wedding of Israel National Fund member Rachel Savel in Shkud, 27 Iyar, 5690 [May 25, 1930]. Bottom row (right to left): Israel Tenor, Miriam Savel, Meir Taitz (now in Israel). Second row: David Davidov, Rachel Savel, Israel Shaf, Yentel Savel-Vrotnitzki (now in Israel), Moshe Yankelovitz. Third row: Shlomo London, Masha London, Liba Tov, Chaim Natanson (now in Israel), Rachel London, Mina Cohen, Michel Chin, Alexander Pinta (now in Israel), Itta Yankelovitz, Yitzhak Cohen. (Photo Kehilat Shkud 16).
KKL activists in Shkud after the parade on the 25th anniversary of the passing of Dr. Herzl z”l: Bottom row, right to left: Shmuel Axelrod, Pesach Bob (now in South Africa), Eliezer Eisen. Second row: Feivel Neiman, Yentel Savel-Vrotnitzki, Tzvi Yoselevitz, David Davidov, Rachel Savel-Elkes, Yitzhak Cohen. Third row: Meir Hovsha, Ester Terushkin Rosen (now in Israel), Chaim Natanson (now in Israel), Yeshayahu Yudelman (now in South Africa), Chaya Sheindling Mevezis (now in Israel), Alexander Pinta (now in Israel), Mina Cohen, Gershon Faktor (now in Israel), Mordechai Shlez, Itta Yankelovitz, Meir Taitz (now in Israel), Israel Tenor (Photo, Kehilat Shkud 15)
“Ha’Shomer Ha’Tzair”, the Shkud troop, 1930: Bottom row (right to left): Moshe Kangisser (now in South Africa), Jacob Kravitz, Meir Sheindling, Hirt Tov (now in Rhodesia), David Gruppel (now in Israel), Yosef Taitz, Moshe Falk, Chaim Elkin. Second row: Yosef Peltz (now in Israel), Tzipa Sher, Perlgeber, Meir Hovsha, Daniel Prochovnik Pirchiyahu (now in Israel), Alexander Pinta (now in Israel), Gitta Taitz, Zalman Gruppel (now in Israel), Miriam Tov, Eliyahu Fogelman (now in the USSR), David Peltz, Chaim Urdang, Eliezer Bob. Third row: Sarah Belkind (now in Lithuania), Gelle Perlgeber, Shalom Binder, Feige Perlgeber, Shlomo Yankelovitz, Meir Taitz, Chaya Peltz Yaakobi (now in Israel), Tzipora Taitz Freilichman (now in Israel), Tzipa Singer. Fourth row: Eliyahu Reif (now in Israel), Leib Yitzhak Mines, Dvora Segal, Feiga Fogelman, Hinda Segal (now in Lithuania), Rachel Bob, Etta Shlez (now in Australia), Mina Baskind, Ester Sheindling, Hinda Savel Rathoiz (now in Israel), Sheina Baskind. Fifth row: Aba Bloch, Tova Mines, Israel Tenor, Shlomo Yitzhak Fogelman, Shlomo Taitz (now in Israel), Temma Taitz (now in the USA), Daniel Abramovic (now in the USA) (Photo Kehilat Shkud 20)
Abraham Tanur emigrated to South Africa:
“Ha’Noar” association in Shkud, 20 Sivan, 5695 (June 21, 1935): Bottom row (right to left): Yitzhak Aibel, Yechezkel Yudelman (now in the USA), Shoshana Yudelman (now in the USA), Benjamin Shtiris, Mira Chatzkel, Sarah Fil (now in the USA), Abraham Yorburski. Second row: Leah Mines, Shlomo London, Chaya Sheindling Mevezis (now in Israel), Mendel Baskind (now in South Africa), Liba Shaf, Shraga Perlgeber (now in Israel), Miriam Savel, Alexander Pinta (now in Israel), Yeshayahu Fogelman. Third row: Liba Tov, Leah Perlgeber, Yehudit EIsen Halpern (now in Israel), Mendel Segal, Roda Chin, Sarah Reif Piotrkowski (now in Israel), Tova Levin, Miriam Katz Gelfand (now in Israel), Liba Horvitz, Pesia Dorfman, Mane Yudelman (now in South Africa). Fourth row: Eliezer Baskind (now in South Africa), Leib Friedman (now in South Africa), Klein (now in France), Feiga Hadasin (now in South Africa), Mina Cohen, Rosa Axelrod, Abraham Tenor (now in South Africa), Temma Meller (now in Canada) (Photo Kehilat Shkud 18)
Yad Vashem provides the following information on the Tanur family of Shkud. See also Family Pages for Eliyahu and Masha, Rosa, Rela, Ira, and Girsh (ben Yosef).
Hirsch [Meir] Tanur was born in Skuodas, Lithuania. He was a merchant and married. Prior to WWII he lived in Skuodas, Lithuania. During the war he was in Skuodas, Lithuania. Hirsch was murdered in the Shoah. This information is based on a Page of Testimony submitted by his acquaintance. http://db.yadvashem.org/names/nameDetails.html?itemId=595357&language=en
Sida Tanur was born in Lithuania. She was a housewife and married Hirsh. Prior to WWII she lived in Skuodas, Lithuania. During the war she was in Skuodas, Lithuania. Sida was murdered in the Shoah. This information is based on a Page of Testimony submitted by her acquaintance. http://db.yadvashem.org/names/nameDetails.html?itemId=1683044&language=en
Zidi Tanur was born in Kul, Lithuania in 1898. She was married Hirsh. Prior to WWII she lived in Skuodas, Lithuania. During the war she was in Skuodas, Lithuania. Zidi was murdered in the Shoah. This information is based on a Page of Testimony submitted by her niece. http://db.yadvashem.org/names/nameDetails.html?itemId=3907056&language=en
Ida Tanur was born in 1914 to Hirsh and Zidi. She was single. Prior to WWII she lived in Skuodas, Lithuania. During the war she was in Skuodas, Lithuania. Ida was murdered in the Shoah. This information is based on a Page of Testimony submitted by her cousin. http://db.yadvashem.org/names/nameDetails.html?itemId=1689871&language=en
Zheni Tanur was born in Skodas, Lithuania in 1910 to Hirsh and Zidi. She was single. Prior to WWII she lived in Skodas, Lithuania. During the war she was in Skodas, Lithuania. Zheni was murdered in the Shoah. This information is based on a Page of Testimony submitted by her cousin. http://db.yadvashem.org/names/nameDetails.html?itemId=1990607&language=en